Our Bioremediation Process
Bioremediation is a natural process that uses microorganisms
to transform harmful substances into non-toxic carbon dioxide, water and
fatty acids. There is an almost unlimited supply of information, which
supports the successful application of bioremediation for the clean up
of contamination, backed by agency clean-up closure certification.
Over long periods of time and without human intervention, nature eliminates
both natural and most man made pollution. This happens as naturally occurring
microorganisms, enzymes, chemicals and weather combine to eliminate toxins.
Recent advances in technology have made it possible to greatly accelerate
these natural processes by selecting, concentrating and acclimating micro
organisms to attack and eliminate many hydrocarbon based toxic materials
in a matter of weeks rather than decades. The use of these microorganisms
to consume and eliminate dangerous or unwanted hydrocarbon based contaminants
like petroleum products is called bioremediation. Bioremediation can achieve
the elimination of contamination in many environments with a speed and
thoroughness much greater than traditional methods and at significantly
lower costs. Microorganisms, like all living creatures, require nutrients
such as nitrogen, phosphate, carbon, water and environment to grow and
survive. When these conditions are present, some microorganisms will break
down organic contaminants as a source of carbon for energy and growth.
Alabaster Corp. provides a very unique combination of chemical, microbiological
and process technology that is synergistic in eliminating contamination.
In general, we use a biodegradable chemical application to disperse the
contamination into very small droplets. With this solution there are nutrients,
water, enzymes and microbes. Since many of the better microbes used to
consume petrochemical contamination are aerobic, we also add slow oxygen
release agents to our solutions. Each of these additives plays a role
in making our process work. By breaking the contamination into smaller
molecules we create an exponentially greater surface area for the microbes
to have access to the contamination. Around each hydrocarbon molecule
is a life support environment for the microbes to flourish, which consists
of water and nutrients. The combination of surfactants, emulsifiers and
enzymes present break the contamination down so that the microbes can
consume the carbon. This is very similar to the metabolic process used
by humans to break down fats, sugars and other food substances.
This process results in the contamination being metabolized by the microbes
into harmless carbon dioxide, water and fatty acids. When the food source
is depleted the microbes die off and the contaminated site is returned
to its pre-contaminated state. All of our solutions, including microbes
are non-pathogenic, non-toxic, non-carcinogenic and biodegradable.
Our Bioremediation Process Continued
The process is fundamentally simple. Contaminants like creosote,
fuel oil, toluene, and even PCBs are composed of carbon chain molecules.
Some of the most toxic hydrocarbon contaminants also contain chlorine.
Although too complex or too toxic for most living organisms to metabolize,
there are naturally occurring microorganisms that can be cultured to attack
these compounds. When these microorganisms, along with materials that
provide them other requirements like oxygen, are put in contact with the
contaminants, they attack the complex hydrocarbon molecules and break
them down into harmless byproducts. In the process the microorganisms
ultimately die, leaving nothing but harmless organic residues like any
other microorganisms leave behind.
The versatility of this method of clean
up is remarkable. In many cases bioremediation can be used without any
significant site disruption. For example, hydrocarbon contamination in
aquifers can often be treated by injecting the microorganisms into the
well where they follow the contaminant plume and reduce the contamination
to harmless materials. In some cases soil contamination can be eliminated
with topical applications. In other cases the microorganisms may need
to be introduced into the soils with mechanical assistance like deep plowing
of the soils. In the more extreme cases the contaminated soils may be
put into large containers where they are treated with the organisms and
then returned directly to the site.
Unique application potentials also exist. For example, contamination under
concrete slabs can be remediated by introducing the organisms with horizontal
boring or through the slab borings. This can eliminate the need for removal
of slabs or buildings as traditional clean up processes would require.
The economics of bioremediation are almost always significantly more favorable
than other techniques. The primary reason is that there is no need for
the hauling and expensive disposal costs of contaminated soils. On sites
where contamination is confined to clearly defined areas it can be possible
to begin the development process on the clean areas while bioremediation
is in progress on the remainder of the site. This is possible because
the process is generally not very disruptive and does not require the
removal and replacement of large amounts of soil. Furthermore, while conventional
remediation often just moves the pollution from one place to another,
bioremediation actually eliminates the unwanted materials.
Bioremediation should be considered as an environmentally and economically
desirable option for any site where hydrocarbon based remediation is required.
Alabaster Corporation is honored to offer
the following Bioremediation, Emergency Response, Oil Spill and Environmental
Cleaning Products and Environmental Services:
• Bioremediation and Environmental Pollution Cleaning Products.
• Custom Blended Microbial Cleaning Products for Bioremediation.
• Emergency Response and First Response Cleaning Products.
• Petro Clean™ Emergency Response Solution.
• Fuel Spill or Oil Spill Cleanup Products for Spill Response.
• Ocean Pollution, Oil Spill Containment and Dispersant Cleaning Products.
• Environmental Products for reducing Volatile Organic Compounds.
• Remediation Products for Soil Contamination, Water Contamination.
• Wastewater Plant and Water Pollution Remediation Products.
• Grease Trap and Septic Tank Cleaning Products.
• Industrial Cleaning, Tank Cleaning Remediation and Degassing Products.
• Oil Spill Response Products for Firefighting and Fire Prevention.
• UST, PST Environmental Remediation and Pollution Removal.
• UST Contractor Environmental Services and Environmental Consultants.
• Corrective Action Specialist Environmental Services.
• Corrective Action Project Manager Environmental Services.
• Phase I ESA. Environmental Services and Environmental Consultants.
• Phase II ESA. Contamination Testing Environmental Services.
• Phase III ESA. Site Contamination and Remediation Environmental Services.
• Regulatory Research and Voluntary Cleanup Program.
• Oil Spill Contingency Planning, Spill Control and Spill Containment.
• Environmental Consultants, Environmental Services and Expert Witness.
• Alabaster Corp. is an Approved Vendor for most major banks and refineries!
OUR SOLUTIONS PREVENT POLLUTION!™
U.S.A. 281-487-5470 or 1-800-609-2728
E-mail: ALABASTER CORP.