Our Bioremediation Process
Bioremediation is a natural process that uses microorganisms to transform harmful substances into non-toxic carbon dioxide, water and fatty acids. There is an almost unlimited supply of information, which supports the successful application of bioremediation for the clean up of contamination, backed by agency clean-up closure certification.
Over long periods of time and without human intervention, nature eliminates both natural and most man made pollution. This happens as naturally occurring microorganisms, enzymes, chemicals and weather combine to eliminate toxins. Recent advances in technology have made it possible to greatly accelerate these natural processes by selecting, concentrating and acclimating micro organisms to attack and eliminate many hydrocarbon based toxic materials in a matter of weeks rather than decades. The use of these microorganisms to consume and eliminate dangerous or unwanted hydrocarbon based contaminants like petroleum products is called bioremediation. Bioremediation can achieve the elimination of contamination in many environments with a speed and thoroughness much greater than traditional methods and at significantly lower costs. Microorganisms, like all living creatures, require nutrients such as nitrogen, phosphate, carbon, water and environment to grow and survive. When these conditions are present, some microorganisms will break down organic contaminants as a source of carbon for energy and growth.
Alabaster Corp. provides a very unique combination of chemical, microbiological and process technology that is synergistic in eliminating contamination. In general, we use a biodegradable chemical application to disperse the contamination into very small droplets. With this solution there are nutrients, water, enzymes and microbes. Since many of the better microbes used to consume petrochemical contamination are aerobic, we also add slow oxygen release agents to our solutions. Each of these additives plays a role in making our process work. By breaking the contamination into smaller molecules we create an exponentially greater surface area for the microbes to have access to the contamination. Around each hydrocarbon molecule is a life support environment for the microbes to flourish, which consists of water and nutrients. The combination of surfactants, emulsifiers and enzymes present break the contamination down so that the microbes can consume the carbon. This is very similar to the metabolic process used by humans to break down fats, sugars and other food substances.
This process results in the contamination being metabolized by the microbes into harmless carbon dioxide, water and fatty acids. When the food source is depleted the microbes die off and the contaminated site is returned to its pre-contaminated state. All of our solutions, including microbes are non-pathogenic, non-toxic, non-carcinogenic and biodegradable.
Our Bioremediation Process Continued
The process is fundamentally simple. Contaminants like creosote, fuel oil, toluene, and even PCBs are composed of carbon chain molecules. Some of the most toxic hydrocarbon contaminants also contain chlorine. Although too complex or too toxic for most living organisms to metabolize, there are naturally occurring microorganisms that can be cultured to attack these compounds. When these microorganisms, along with materials that provide them other requirements like oxygen, are put in contact with the contaminants, they attack the complex hydrocarbon molecules and break them down into harmless byproducts. In the process the microorganisms ultimately die, leaving nothing but harmless organic residues like any other microorganisms leave behind.
The versatility of this method of clean up is remarkable. In many cases bioremediation can be used without any significant site disruption. For example, hydrocarbon contamination in aquifers can often be treated by injecting the microorganisms into the well where they follow the contaminant plume and reduce the contamination to harmless materials. In some cases soil contamination can be eliminated with topical applications. In other cases the microorganisms may need to be introduced into the soils with mechanical assistance like deep plowing of the soils. In the more extreme cases the contaminated soils may be put into large containers where they are treated with the organisms and then returned directly to the site.
Unique application potentials also exist. For example, contamination under concrete slabs can be remediated by introducing the organisms with horizontal boring or through the slab borings. This can eliminate the need for removal of slabs or buildings as traditional clean up processes would require.
The economics of bioremediation are almost always significantly more favorable than other techniques. The primary reason is that there is no need for the hauling and expensive disposal costs of contaminated soils. On sites where contamination is confined to clearly defined areas it can be possible to begin the development process on the clean areas while bioremediation is in progress on the remainder of the site. This is possible because the process is generally not very disruptive and does not require the removal and replacement of large amounts of soil. Furthermore, while conventional remediation often just moves the pollution from one place to another, bioremediation actually eliminates the unwanted materials.
Bioremediation should be considered as an environmentally and economically desirable option for any site where hydrocarbon based remediation is required.
Alabaster Corporation is honored to offer the following Bioremediation, Emergency Response, Oil Spill and Environmental Cleaning Products and Environmental Services:
• Bioremediation and Environmental Pollution Cleaning Products.
• Custom Blended Microbial Cleaning Products for Bioremediation.
• Emergency Response and First Response Cleaning Products.
• Petro Clean™ Emergency Response Solution.
• Fuel Spill or Oil Spill Cleanup Products for Spill Response.
• Ocean Pollution, Oil Spill Containment and Dispersant Cleaning Products.
• Environmental Products for reducing Volatile Organic Compounds.
• Remediation Products for Soil Contamination, Water Contamination.
• Wastewater Plant and Water Pollution Remediation Products.
• Grease Trap and Septic Tank Cleaning Products.
• Industrial Cleaning, Tank Cleaning Remediation and Degassing Products.
• Oil Spill Response Products for Firefighting and Fire Prevention.
• UST, PST Environmental Remediation and Pollution Removal.
• UST Contractor Environmental Services and Environmental Consultants.
• Corrective Action Specialist Environmental Services.
• Corrective Action Project Manager Environmental Services.
• Phase I ESA. Environmental Services and Environmental Consultants.
• Phase II ESA. Contamination Testing Environmental Services.
• Phase III ESA. Site Contamination and Remediation Environmental Services.
• Regulatory Research and Voluntary Cleanup Program.
• Oil Spill Contingency Planning, Spill Control and Spill Containment.
• Environmental Consultants, Environmental Services and Expert Witness.
• Alabaster Corp. is an Approved Vendor for most major banks and refineries!
OUR SOLUTIONS PREVENT POLLUTION!™
U.S.A. 713-724-9226 or 1-800-609-2728
E-mail: ALABASTER CORP.